Peeling peanuts is possible at home. This nut received its name from the word “arachni”, it translates from Greek as “spider”. The fact is that the walnut shell has a web -shaped image. Arachis is considered a mascot of the family of bean plants, so it is called a nut conditionally.
Places of growth
The most valuable fruits brought from Argentina and the USA are. A large amount of earthen nut is grown in China, India and in the south of Africa.
Growing peanuts at home
This culture is able to decorate any home greenhouse. A nut does not require special care, growing it is as simple as a room violet. The difference is that there will be greater benefits from peanuts.
How to plant and grow peanuts
Nuts sold at different retail outlets are the material for planting. Without removing the shell, they need to be soaked in water, put on a cloth made of fabric and wait for the sprouts to appear. Sprouted nuts should be planted in loosened moist soil, which has a small amount of sand. Remember that the plant loves heat, placing it in water is preferable in April. Peanuts will develop, and actively grow in the summer. Planting plants in the late stages requires thorough control over lighting and temperature.
What care is required
Despite the simplicity of growing peanuts, some instructions should be followed to obtain fruits. When the plant blooms, it must be watered abundantly. At this time it is very beautiful, blooms with bright yellow-orange flowers. After they bloom, processes (ginophores) are shown, which rise up and then fall down. Entering the ground, the shoots form the ovaries, later they become nuts. During this period, watering should be reduced.
Beginning gardeners are recommended to know that processes can not always reach the soil themselves, so eggshells are substituted with high plants. When yellowing leaves, nuts get out of the ground, they are ripe. Peanuts belongs to annual plants, after receiving the crop with it, one should leave.
Arachis in open ground
Growing plants in open ground is not much different from breeding in home microclimate. In the south of the country, the sprouted nuclei are planted on a personal plot in 2 half of May at an air temperature of more than + 20 degrees. During the summer, the plant manages to ripen and there is the opportunity to collect a good crop of peanuts. With cooler climate, it is better to use seedlings. Its cultivation begins in early April, and in the first days of summer they land in open soil. The place where the peanuts grows should be open and illuminated. Do not use the bed where legumes grew up. It is better if it is a plot where cucumbers, potatoes, cabbage were grown.
How to harvest
Drying of bushes indicates that you can collect nuts. More often this time comes in early October. A week before harvesting should stop watering bushes. The day for harvesting it is better to choose sunny and warm with dry soil, then the bush will be easy to go out. Digging more conveniently with a pitchfork, the root is carefully pulled so that nuts are preserved on the bush.
How to plant and grow peanuts
After the plants are dug up, they must be placed in a dry room for 2-3 days with constant ventilation. Next, cocoons with nuts are collected, they are left in room temperature mode until they dry out. Nuts are freely rolling in a cocoon, this is a sign that they are completely dry.
How to use and store peanuts
It is not difficult to grow peanuts, but the garden on the windowsill will not give a large harvest. An ordinary person does not need to use many nuts, since they are very high -calorie and contain a lot of fiber. Nutritionists advise to use them in moderate quantities. Peanuts are used in cooking: in the preparation of all kinds of sauces, confectionery and meat dishes.
With a large harvest, you need to think about how to store it correctly. Peanuts should be left in the peel and placed in an inaccessible container for air. It is necessary to save it in the refrigerator. Peanuts in the container can be stored for 6 months. If you leave the nuts in a dry and dark place, they should be eaten for 3 months. In frozen, the nut will be suitable for a year.